Diabetes is metabolic disease that makes your blood high in sugar.
Our body produce a hormone called insulin. This hormone have the roll of moving sugar from our blood to our cells.
When you suffer from diabetes, you can two situation:
The first one is your body don’t provide a sufficient amount of insulin.
The second one is that your body misuse insulin, making the use of it not effective.
Problems caused with unthreatened high blood sugar are worst than the disease itself, it can damage your nerves, kidneys, eyes, and many other organs.
Diabetes is presented in different types:
Type 1 diabetes: 10% of people attacked with diabetes have this type; in this case, The cells in the pancreas are destroyed, it’s where our body makes insulin. It’s our immune system that attacks these cells .
Type 2 diabetes: A more hardcore version of type 1, sugar build up in the person blood heavily, and your body become more resistant to insulin.
If you measure your blood and you find that it’s high, but not high enough to the point of a type 2, then you might have prediabetes.
Every type of diabetes has its own symptoms and special treatments.
The symptoms you might face:
When blood sugar is raised, the symptoms are you might face are: You will feel more thirsty and hungry, your weight will increase too with that.
You might feel like your vision will start to blur, you will have urination more often, you might also feel fatigued and your sores will be slower to heal.
Also does symptoms can be different from men to women.
Men may feel less sex drive and poor muscle straight.
women may have an itchy skin, urinary tract infection or yeast infection.
Now let’s discus symptoms for each type of diabetes.
For type 1 diabetes: you will face the problem of hunger and thirst, you may also be in the situation of losing weight unintentionally, you will also have frequent urination, your vision also can feel blurry than usually and you might feel more tired.
For type 2 diabetes: it’s almost the same for type 1, additional to that, your soreness may feel slower to heal.
What causes the diabetes?
Diabetes can be associated to different reasons.
For type 1: In this case, the immune system attacks the hormone of insulin, doctors still don’t have a definitive answer to this problem, but genes come in play in this case.
For type 2: Genetics and how your lifestyle is, maybe a cause of diabetes type 2, also if you suffer from obesity or overweight, your chances of having diabetes are much higher.
We see this case in many families, those genes make them get type 2 diabetes.
if you want to increase the risk of having diabetes, here are some risk factors you should consider.
Decrease Diabetes risk.
For type 1: Carrying genes from your parents or siblings can put you in risk of having diabetes, this type is often found in kids and teenagers.
For type 2: You can increase the risk of having diabetes with dieting if you are overweight, if your parents and siblings don’t have diabetes you will most likely be like them, also being active during the day is a great method to lower the risk, if you are over 45 years old and you have no side effect from we passed said you are good to go.
The problem with diabetes.
If high blood sugar seems like it’s nothing to worry about, well it’s more complicated than that.
Having high blood sugar can destroy organs, cells and tissue, and many other problems such as:
you can experience a vision loss, heart disease, or worst heart attack and stroke, you can experience also hearing loss, your sores, and infections will take longer to heal, especially foot damage which is most common, your skin condition gets worse and you become more sensitive to bacteria.
When it comes to the treatment, a doctor is the one to trust with this, it’s a very sensitive subject and only the doctor who is allowed to recommend the drugs you should take.
For type 1 diabetes, injecting insulin is the main treatment your doctor should give you, it plays the role of the hormone your body isn’t able to make.
Dieting for diabetes.
Having diabetes requires having a healthy diet to control blood sugar. Sometimes a healthy diet is enough to control your diabetes.
For type 1: In this case, the levels of blood sugar rises and fall depending on what you eat. Sugary food and starchy make the levels of blood sugar rise quickly, instead of proteins and fats makes it much slower and gradual.
The recommendation with this type of diabetes is to reduce the amount of carb you take and balance this amount with the amount of insulin you take.
Working with a dietitian is very important to make a meal plan well balanced in carbs, fats, and protein.
This will help with controlling your levels of high blood sugar.
For type 2: In this case, controlling the carb intake is very important.
This will help also with losing any excess weight, and you will keep the levels of blood sugar more steady.
Also, working with a dietitian is important in every type of diabetes, to stay healthy and keep your levels of blood sugar steady.
Eating small meals many times a day is a great way too to keep your blood levels steady.
Including fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats such as nuts and olive oil.
Having a well-balanced diet is important for your health, either you had diabetes or you didn’t, it’s very important for the long term and for your health in general.